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动力电池起火,可以用七氟丙烷灭火吗?用哪种灭火剂效果较好?
发表于:2019-06-05 10:10:57 分享至:

NBA比赛下注 ZUIJINTESILAHEYULAIQICHEDEGELIANGCIZIRANSHIGUJINYIBUJIAZHONGLERENMENDUIDIANDONGQICHEHEDONGLIDIANCHIANQUANXINGDEGULV。ZUOWEIDIANCHIANQUANXIANGGUANCONGYERENYUAN,GERENFANDAORENWEIXIAOFEIZHEYOUGULVSHIJIANHAOSHI,YINWEIWULUNSHIDIANDONGCHEHAISHIDONGLIDIANCHI,CONGJISHUCENGMIANQUESHIHAIYOUHENDUOYOUDAIWANSHANHETIGAODEDIFANG,KEYIDAOBICHEQIHEDIANCHIQIYENULIBAJISHUZUOHAO。

 

DONGLIDIANCHIQIHUOHOUGAIRUHEMIEHUOSHIGEFEICHANGYOUYISIDEHUATI。ZIRANSHIGUHOUYULAIQICHETIXINGXIAOFEIZHE:”RUGUOFAXIANDIANCHIMAOYANZHEHUO,QINGZAIQUEBAORENYUANANQUANHOUBAOHUOJING119,BINGQIEYIDALIANGDESHUIDUIQIHUOSHAOCHUANPOSUNWEIZHIJINXINGPENLIN。YOUYUDIANCHISHIWUYANGRANSHAO,ZHIYOUTONGGUODALIANGDESHUIJIANGWENCAIKEYIZURAN,YIBANDEGANFENHUOPAOMOMIEHUOQIWUFAZUZHIDIANCHIRANSHAO“。BIZHESUOZAIDEDONGLIDIANCHIQIYEHESUOJIECHUDAODECESHIJIGOUYIBANDOUHUIZHUNBEISHAZIHUOZHEGANFENMIEHUOJI,ZAIDONGLIDIANCHIDANTIQIHUOTIAOJIANXIAZHIJIEYONGERZHEJINXINGMIEHUO;DUIYUYIJINGZUOWANLEANQUANCESHIDANMEIYOUFASHENGRESHIKONGDEDIANCHI,ZHIJIEJINXINGPAOSHUICHULI;DUIYUMOZUHUOZHEDIANCHIBAO,ZAIYISIHUIFASHENGRESHIKONGTIAOJIANXIAZUICHANGYONG、ZUIHAOYONGDEBANFAJIUSHIZHIJIEPAOSHUI。QIYEYONGYISHANGFANGSHIDUIDIANCHIJINXINGMIEHUO,XUESHUJIEYOUSHIZENMELIJIEDENI?

ZHONGKEDAHUOZAIKEXUESHIYANSHIDESUNJINHUA/WANGQINGSONGTUANDUIZAILILIZIDIANCHIHUOZAILINGYUJINYINDUONIAN,FEISHENGHAINEIWAI。QUNIAN11YUE,WANGQINGSONGTUANDUIZAI《CHUNENGKEXUEYUJISHU》DIANCHIANQUANXINGZHUANKANFABIAOTIWEI”DUOZHONGMIEHUOJIPUJIUDARONGLIANGLILIZIDIANCHIHUOZAIDESHIYANYANJIU“DEYANJIULUNWEN,XITONGDUIBILEDUOZHONGMIEHUOJIDUI38 Ah NCM333TIXIDONGLIDIANCHIZHEHUOPUMIEDEXIAOGUO。JIEGUOXIANSHISUIRANABCGANFEN、QIFUBINGWAN(HFC)、SHUI、QUANFUJITONGHECO2MIEHUOJIDOUNENGKUAISUMIEHUO,DANSHIYONGCO2MIEHUOJIDIANCHIKENENGHUIFASHENGFURANDEXIANXIANG。GENGZHONGYAODESHIYISHANGMIEHUOJIZHONGSHUIDUIDIANCHIJIANGWENDEXIAOGUOZUIWEIMINGXIAN。

图文浅析:

表1.电池物性参数

电池物性参数

电池物性参数

SHIYANSHIYONGDEDIANCHIRONGLIANG38 Ah,NCM333TIXIDEFANGXINGDIANCHI。TONGGUOGONGLVWEI300 WDEDAGONGLVJIAREGUANJIANGDIANCHIJIAREZHIRESHIKONG。YOUYUKAOLVDESHIDONGLIDIANCHIZAIDIANCHICHUNENGJUZHONGQIHUOHOUDEMIEHUOQINGKUANG,ZUOZHESHIYONGDESHIYANZHUANGZHIRUTU2SUOSHI。DIANCHICHUNENGJUWAICHICUNWEI1.3 m*1.0 m*2.0 m,QIANBUSHEYOULIANGDAOFANGBAOMEN,DIANCHIBUZHIHAOHOUFANGBAOMENKEYISUOSIYIFANGYIWAI。JUTICESHISHIDIANCHI、JIAREGUANHEHUOTANGUANSHANGJUNBUZHILEREDIANOUYONGYIJIANCEWENDUBIANHUA。DANGWENDUDADAOYIDINGZHI,HUOTANGUANRONGHUAPOLIE,MIEHUOZHUANGZHIKAISHIZUOYONG。

表2.五种灭火剂相关信息

五种灭火剂相关信息

SHIYANZHONGZUOZHEZHUYAOKAOCHALEWUZHONGMIEHUOJI(HFC-227ea、CO2、ABCGANFEN、SHUI、QUANFUJITONG)DEMIEHUOXIAOGUO,JUTIRUBIAO2SUOSHI。SHUIHECO2DEMIEHUOYUANLIDAJIADOUBIJIAOLEJIE,BUXIBIAO。ABCGANFENMIEHUOJIYIBANSHIYOUMIEHUOJILIAO(RUXIAOSUDA、TANSUANAN、LINSUANDEANYANDENG)HESHILIANGRUNHUAJI(YINGZHISUANMEI、YUNMUFEN、HUASHIFENDENG)、SHAOLIANGFANGCHAOJI(GUIJIAO)HUNHEHOUGONGTONGYANMOZHICHENGDEXIXIAOKELI,YONGERYANGHUATANZUOPENSHEDONGLI。MIEHUOSHIKAOJIAYAQITIERYANGHUATANHUODANQIDEYALIJIANGGANFENCONGPENZUISHECHU,XINGCHENGYIGUJIAZHEJIAYAQITIDEWUZHUANGFENLIU,SHEXIANGRANSHAOWU。GANFENZHONGTANSUANQINGNADENGSHOUGAOWENZUOYONGFENJIE,GAIFANYINGSHIXIREFANYING,FANYINGFANGCHUDALIANGDEERYANGHUATANHESHUI,SHUISHOUREBIANCHENGSHUIZHENGQIBINGXISHOUDALIANGDERELIANG,QIDAOLENGQUE、XISHIKERANQITIDEZUOYONG;GANFENJINRUHUOYANHOU,YOUYUGANFENDEXISHOUHESANSHEZUOYONG,JIANSHAOHUOYANDUIRANLIAODEREFUSHE,JIANGDIYETIDEZHENGFASULV。QIFUBINGWAN(HFC-227ea)HEQUANFUJITONGMIEHUOJIDOUSHIWEIQUDAIDUIDAQICENGYOUPOHUAIZUOYONGDEHALONGMIEHUOJI(LUDAIWANLEI)ERKAIFADE,JIANJUWULIMIEHUOHEHUAXUEMIEHUODEZUOYONG:WULIMIEHUOZAIYUMIEHUOJIPENCHUSHIWEIYETAI,SHOUREQIHUAHUIXISHOURELIANG,JIANGDIHUOYANWENDU;HUAXUEMIEHUOZAIYUGAILEIWUZHIFENZIZHONGDOUHANYOUFYUANSU,FYUANSUYOUYIDINGDEBUHUORANSHAOZHONGHUOXINGJIH+、OH-DENENGLI,CONGERZUDUANRANSHAOLIAN。YOUYUYOUWUCANLIUDEYOUDIAN,QIFUBINGWAN(HFC-227ea)HEQUANFUJITONGMIEHUOJIDUOYONGYUDIANZIJIFANG、TUSHUGUAN、DANGANGUANDENGCHANGSUO。

七氟丙烷(HFC-227ea)灭火过程

TU2.QIFUBINGWAN(HFC-227ea)MIEHUOGUOCHENG

图3.CO2灭火过程

TU3.CO2MIEHUOGUOCHENG

TU2HETU3SHILIZHANSHILEQIFUBINGWANHECO2MIEHUOJIDEZHENGGEMIEHUOGUOCHENG。KEYIKANDAOJIAREGUANJIAREHOUDIANCHISHOUREGUZHANG,SUIHOUFANGBAOFADAKAIPENSHESHELIUHUO,TONGSHIBANSUIZHENONGYANDESHIFANG。QUBIEZAIYUQIFUBINGWANNENGWANQUANMIEHUO,ERCO2MIEHUOZUOYONGHOUDIANCHIYOUCHUXIANLEFURANXIANXIANG。BENSHIYANZHONGMIEHUOJISHIFANGDIANJUHUOYANSHANGFANGGAODUJIN3 cm,QIEMIEHUOJIDEZUOYONGSHIJIANWEI13 sZUOYOU,JINJULIDECHONGJIZHIXIZUOYONGKEYIHENKUAIJIANGHUOYANPUMIE。BIZHEZUOGUODALIANGDEDIANCHIANQUANXINGCESHI,DIANCHIRESHIKONGSHIPENSHEDEHUOYANWENDUGAODA1000 ℃YISHANG,DIANCHINEIBUTONGHONGKEJIAN,DIANCHIBIAOMIANWENDUYEHUIGAODASHUBAISHESHIDU,BINGQIEDUIYUSANYUANLEIDONGLIDIANCHIERYANNIEHANLIANGYUEGAORANSHAOGUOCHENGCHIXUDESHIJIANXIANGDUIYUEDUAN。RUGUOMIEHUOBUSHIHENCHONGFEN、DIANCHINEIBUWENDUYIRANHENGAO,MIEHUOJIZUOYONGHOUDIANCHICHUXIANFURANYESHIJIYOUKENENGDE,RUBENSHIYANZHONGCO2MIEHUOJIZUOYONGHOUSUOCHUXIANDEFURANQINGKUANG。

表3.五种灭火剂灭火效果对比

五种灭火剂灭火效果对比

NBA比赛下注 BIAO3DUIBILEWUZHONGMIEHUOJIDEMIEHUOXIAOGUO。CHULECO2MIEHUOJICHUXIANLEFURANXIANXIANGWAI,QITASIZHONGMIEHUOJIJUNWEICHUXIANFURAN,QIEHUOYANPUMIESHIJIANJUNXIAOYU2 s。CONGXIANGYINGSHIJIANSHANGKAN,QIFUBINGWANHECO2MIEHUOJIDEXIANGYINGSHIJIANJINYONG1 s,ABCGANFENMIEHUOJIXIANGYINGSHIJIANZUIZHANGXUYAO3s。CO2MIEHUOJIZUOYONGHOUDIANCHICHUXIANFURAN,FURANSHIJIANZHANGDA58 s。

不同灭火剂作用过程电池表面温度变化

TU4. BUTONGMIEHUOJIZUOYONGGUOCHENGDIANCHIBIAOMIANWENDUBIANHUA

表4.不同灭火剂作用特征参数

不同灭火剂作用特征参数

MIEHUOJIZUOYONGBUJINYAOKUAISUPUMIEHUOYAN,HAIYAONENGXUNSUJIANGDIDIANCHIBIAOMIANWENDUFANGZHIFURANXIANXIANGDEFASHENG。CONGTU4HEBIAO4JIEGUOKAN,SHANGSHUWUZHONGMIEHUOJIZHONGSHUIDEJIANGWENXIAOGUOZUIWEITUCHU,YUANBUTONGYUQITASIZHONGMIEHUOJI。CONGJIANGDIDIANCHIBIAOMIANWENDUXIAOGUOLAIKAN,YOULIEYICIWEISHUI>QUANFUJITONG>HFC>ABCGANFEN>CO2。SHUIYOUZHEJIAOGAODEBIRERONG,QIHUAGUOCHENGNENGXISHOUDALIANGDERELIANG,YINCIMIEHUOXIAOGUOJIAOHAO。

XIAOJIE:YUDAODIANCHIDANTIHUODIANDONGQICHEQIHUO,ZAIMEIYOUQITAGENGHAOMIEHUOCUOSHITIAOJIANXIA,ZHIJIEDALIANGPENSHUIMIEHUOQUESHIBUSHIWEIYIZHONGJIAOHAODEMIEHUOFANGSHI,DANYEYAOBIMIANSHUIJIZHOUWEIDEQITAWUTIDAILAIYINGXIANG。

NBA比赛下注 LIUYUJUN, DUANQIANGLING, LIKE, CHENHAODONG, WANGQINGSONG. DUOZHONGMIEHUOJIPUJIUDARONGLIANGLILIZIDIANCHIHUOZAIDESHIYANYANJIU. CHUNENGKEXUEYUJISHU, 2018, 7(6): 1105-1112.